The trachoma is a bacterial conjunctivitis, which is caused by the “Chlamydia trachomatis” agent of different serotypes A, B, Ba and C. Due to repeating infections of the conjunctiva scars appear. The infected people suffer mostly from trichiasis, resulting inward growing eyelashes, which is followed by a corneal opacity due to the rubbing eyelashes on the corneal surface and eventually they go blind.
With 500 million infected people, the trachoma is the most common eye disease worldwide. Currently, 6 million people have gone blind. Children are mostly affected by this disease. In the hyper-endemic areas, the risk of an infestation goes up to nearly 100 percent of the population. The contagious disease is mostly found in areas with dry and hot climate, large poverty, high population density, water scarcity and accordingly poor hygiene conditions.
To save the eyesight of an affected person in stage I or II with the use of antibiotics, it only needs 5 Euro. Surgery costs can be already covered from 20 Euro.
The private initiative “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder” collects donations worldwide for fighting the Egyptian trachoma disease.